While the religious Community of St. Cuthbert "wandered" for a hundred years after Halfdan Ragnarsson attacked their original home Lindisfarne in 875, The History of St. Cuthbert indicates that they settled temporarily at Chester-le-Street between the years 875–883 on land granted to them by the Viking King of York, Guthred.  As Dorothy Whitelock notes, the names Ívarr and Ímar were "not uncommon" in Norse societies. Another exception is a period from about the year 644 to 664, when kings ruled individually over Deira.  Imports from Frankia included oil, luxury goods, and clerical supplies in the 700s. The character's name seems taken from Judith of Flanders, Alfred's stepmother, but doesn't share much more. , After 867, Northumbria came under control of the Scandinavian forces, and there was an influx of Scandinavian immigrants. During Oswald’s life, the term Northumbria was not yet in use. Moreover, Brian Hope-Taylor has traced the origins of the name Yeavering, which looks deceptively English, back to the British gafr from Bede's mention of a township called Gefrin in the same area. There were no further Viking kings in Northumbria until Guthfrith took over in 883. Northumbria, a kingdom of Angles, in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland, was initially divided into two kingdoms: Bernicia and Deira.The two were first united by Aethelfrith around the year 604, and except for occasional periods of division over the subsequent century, they remained so. There were raids that extended into that area, but no sources mention lasting Norse occupation and there are very few Scandinavian place names to indicate significant Norse settlement in northern regions of Northumbria.  Ecclesiastical influence in the royal court was not an unusual phenomenon in Northumbria, and usually was most visible during the rule of a young or inexperienced king. It was a significant event as it isolated the Britons of North Wales from those of Strathclyde and the Lothians, although that is not to say that the Britons were exterminated in the District of the Lakes.  One who benefited from this library was Bede. After a victory at Heathfield in 633 AD Oswald gained supremacy over Northumbria. , The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle does not name the Viking leaders, but it does state that "Hingwar and Hubba" (probably Ivar and Ubba) later killed King Edmund of East Anglia. , The monastery at Lindisfarne was founded by Aidan in 635, and based on the practices of the Columban monastery in Iona, Scotland. Royal currency was unique in Britain for a long time.  After the Romans left Britain in the early fifth century, Catholicism did not disappear, but it existed alongside Celtic paganism, and possibly many other cults. , Between the years of 737 AD and 806 AD, Northumbria had ten kings, all of whom were murdered, deposed, or exiled or became monks. - They killed King Aelle near York and they're moving south into the midlands, so far, towards Repton.  During the ninth and tenth centuries, there was an increase in the number of parish churches, often including stone sculptures incorporating Scandinavian designs.. Battle of Hastings The forces of Harold Godwinson and William of Normandy met on Senlac Hill. .  Although both Œthelwald and Aldfrith were Oswiu's relations who may have received their sub-king status from him, both used Deira separatist sentiments to try to snatch independent rule of Deira. When he returned to England, he became abbot of a new monastery at Ripon in 660.  At first, the Scandinavian minority, while politically powerful, remained culturally distinct from the English populace.  If this is to be believed, then it is easy to surmise that the mention of his death via the blood eagle is in fact a description of his death on the battlefield, which would make both accounts of his death consistent. "The Christians, perceiving their flight and terror", attacked, but found that the Vikings "were the stronger party".  The local Environment Agency office, located in Newcastle Business Park, also uses the term Northumbria to describe its area.  Ricsige and his successor Ecgberht were able to maintain an English presence in Northumbria.  He held two short terms as King of Northumbria, from 947 to 948 and 952 to 954. Oswald then ruled Northumbria until his death in 642. The Kingdom of Northumbria (/nɔːrˈθʌmbriə/; Old English: Norþanhymbra Rīċe; Latin: Regnum Northanhymbrorum) was an early medieval Anglo-Saxon kingdom in what is now Northern England and south-east Scotland. Kings during the Danish rule of Northumbria (see Danelaw) were often either kings of a larger North Sea or Danish empire, or were installed rulers. The unity of the Northumbrian kingdoms was restored after Cadwallon's death in battle in 634.  The number of borrowed words is conservatively estimated to be around nine-hundred in standard English but rises to the thousands in some dialects. "Vikings s04e19 Episode Script | SS - Relevant quote from Vikings 4x19: "Where were they headed? A devout Christian, Oswald worked tirelessly to spread the religion in his traditionally pagan lands. Ælla was played by Frank Thring in the film The Vikings (1958) as the main antagonist. Repeated Viking assaults on religious centres were one reason for the decrease in production of manuscripts and communal monastic culture. Around 604 he became the first Bernician king to also rule the neighboring land of Deira, giving him an important place in the development of the later kingdom of Northumbria. Ragnar Lothrbok had successfully raided Northumbria in the past, extorting a large amount of gold in exchange for leaving the Kingdom in peace. Cynewulf, prolific author of The Fates of the Apostles, Juliana, Elene, and Christ II, is believed to have been either Northumbrian or Mercian. , After this, the Vikings appointed a puppet king of Northumbria, named Ecgberht. The land extended from the Tees to the Tyne and anyone who fled there from either the north or the south would receive sanctuary for thirty-seven days, indicating that the Community of St. Cuthbert had some juridical autonomy. 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