For the repair, which cost around ₹5 million (US$70,000), about 8 tonnes of steel was used. The bridge was considerably damaged by the great cyclone on 20 March 1874. Die Fahrbahn befindet sich daher nicht im Inneren des Tragwerks, sondern auf einem eigenen Fahrbahndeck, das unterhalb der tragenden Brückenkonstruktion mit 39 Hängerpaaren an den Untergurten angehängt ist. A good place for the bridge was at Pulta Ghat "about a dozen miles north of Calcutta" where a "bed of stiff clay existed at no great depth under the river bed". The bridge is one of four on the Hooghly River and is a famous symbol of Kolkata and West Bengal.  It is still popularly known as the Howrah Bridge. Large ferry steamers capable of carrying vehicular load (set up cost, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 06:37. It weathers the storms of the Bay of Bengal region, carrying a daily traffic of approximately 100,000 vehicles and possibly more than 150,000 pedestrians, easily making it the busiest cantilever bridge in the world. Die nächste Brücke ist die mehr als 3 km flussabwärts stehende, 1992 eröffnete Vidyasagar Setu (Second Hooghly Bridge), die wegen ihrer Entfernung und Mautpflicht wenig zur Entlastung der Howrah Bridge beiträgt.  The work on the foundation was completed on November 1938. Walton. Juni 1965 nach dem bengalischen Nationaldichter Rabindranath Tagore benannt, ist aber in der Öffentlichkeit immer noch besser bekannt unter der Bezeichnung Howrah Bridge. Howrah Bridge is one the famous attraction in Howrah.  The project was a pioneer in bridge construction, particularly in India, but the government did not have a formal opening of the bridge due to fears of attacks by Japanese planes fighting the Allied Powers. If you are planning to visit Howrah Bridge, find Howrah Bridge timings, entry fees, location and other important facts at Goibibo. Entry Fee and Photography allowance in Howrah Bridge Neither the use of camera costs you anything nor the entry to the shore where the rock-bridge is located. Die beiden je 4,6 m (15 ft) breiten Gehwege sind außen an das Fahrbahndeck montiert.  The Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Co. was awarded the construction contract that year. See distance to other cities from Howrah – West Bengal – India measured in kilometers (km), miles and nautical miles and their local time. It carries daily traffic of over 100,000 vehicles and countless pedestrians and is as historic as it is grand. Where am I?"...1. Howrah is the main junction station of Eastern and South Eastern Railways. Apart from performing the all-important function of linking the twin cities of Howrah and Kolkata, it also serves as a popular spot for photographers and tourists in general. Sie war 466 m (1528 ft) lang und 19 m (62 ft) breit, wovon 14,6 m (48 ft) auf die Straße und beidseits gut 2 m (7 ft) auf die Gehwege entfielen.  As an immediate measure, the Kolkata Port Trust engaged contractors to regularly clean the bird droppings, at an annual expense of ₹500,000 (US$7,000). Skin friction on the outside of the monolith walls was estimated at 29 kN/m2 while loads on the cutting edge in clay overlying the founding stratum reached 100 tonnes/m. Howrah Location Howrah is located at 22.59 degree N 88.31 degree E. Howrah lies to the south east of the state of West Bengal and is one of the important districts. The Howrah Bridge is built over the River Hooghly and connects the eastern bank of Howrah and Kolkata’s west bank. Read More on Vidyasagar Setu . Goa 3. You only pay to the guide that you hire for taking you around the beach. , The longitudinal expansion and lateral sway movement of the deck are taken care of by expansion and articulation joints. Sie war damit eine der meist frequentierten Brücken der Welt. Ab August 1879 soll die Brücke sogar elektrisch beleuchtet worden sein.  While muck was being cleared, numerous varieties of objects were brought up, including anchors, grappling irons, cannons, cannonballs, brass vessels, and coins dating back to the East India Company. ixigo Trip Planner lets you see exactly where it is situated and you can even see the location of howrah bridge on a map. The bridge was designed by one Mr. Walton of M/s Rendel, Palmer & Triton. The Howrah Bridge is a suspension type balanced cantilever bridge that spans the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. Spanning 705 metres across the Hooghly River, Howrah Bridge is one of the most iconic symbols of Kolkata. West Bengal 2. Again World War II (1939–1945 ) intervened. They referred the matter to Sir Basil Mott, who proposed a single span arch bridge. The fabrication and erection work was awarded to a local engineering firm of Howrah: the Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Co.. Aus konstruktiver Sicht ist die Howrah Bridge eine Gerberträgerbrücke aus genieteten Fachwerkträgern. Everyday, More than 60,000 vehicles go through Howrah bridge.  The bridge was completed in 1874, at a total cost of ₹2.2 million, and opened to traffic on 17 October of that year. The caissons were so designed that the working chambers within the shafts could be temporarily enclosed by steel diaphragms to allow work under compressed air if required. , The bridge does not have nuts and bolts, but was formed by riveting the whole structure.  Insgesamt wurden 27.000 t (26.500 tons) Stahl verbaut, davon wurden 23.500 t von Tata Steel geliefert. Also known as Rabindra Setu, it connects Howrah and Kolkata. Out of 26,000 tons of steel, that was required for the bridge, only 3000 tons were supplied from England. Die Straße und ihre Gehwege werden, anders als üblich, nicht über die gesamte Länge der Brücke geführt, sondern jenseits der Pfeiler seitlich zu den Uferbereichen geleitet. Stattdessen wurde die Pontonbrücke in den Jahren 1917 und 1927 teilweise erneuert.. List of longest bridges above water in India, "Bird droppings gnaw at Howrah bridge frame", "Howrah Bridge – The Bridge without Nuts & Bolts! In 1926 the New Howrah Bridge Act passed. The adjusting ways or shore spans, one at each end of the bridge, consisted of three 160 feet long bow string girders. Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the two cities of Howrah and Kolkata  The roadways beyond the towers are supported from ground, leaving the anchor arms free from deck load. An iconic landmark of Kolkata, Howrah Bridge is a massive steel bridge constructed over the Hooghly River. Die Angaben über die Verkehrsdichte reichen von 63.754 Fahrzeugen pro Tag über 90.000 bis zu 120.000 Fahrzeugen und 500.000 Fußgängern.. The Howrah Bridge is located here. Dadurch entsteht zwischen den Pfeilern ein 21,6 m (71 ft) breiter und rund 5,8 m hoher Raum für den Verkehr, der dann ungehindert durch irgendwelche Fachwerkstreben seitlich abfließen kann.  The main piers on the Howrah side were sunk by open wheel dredging, while those on the Kolkata side required compressed air to counter running sand. It is considered to be among the longest cantilever bridges in the world. The foundations for a bridge at Calcutta would be at a considerable depth and cost because of the depth of the mud there. The anchor arms are 325 feet (99 m) each, while the cantilever arms are 468 feet (143 m) each. The main towers are 280 feet (85 m) high above the monoliths and 76 feet (23 m) apart at the top. MacCabe, chief engineer, Calcutta Corporation. In 1921 a committee of engineers named the 'Mukherjee Committee' was formed, headed by R. N. Mukherji, Sir Clement Hindley, chairman of Calcutta Port Trust and J. McGlashan, Chief Engineer. Location; Country: India: State: West Bengal: Districts: Murshidabad, Nadia, Purba Bardhaman, Hooghly, Howrah, North 24 Paraganas, Kolkata, South 24 Paraganas, East Midnapore: Physical characteristics; Length: 260 kilometres: Depth • maximum: 117 m: Basin features; Bridges: Vidyasagar Setu (Second Hooghly Bridge) Rabindra Setu (Howrah Bridge) Nivedita Setu Howrah Bridge, Neil Island Picture: Entry into the forest - Check out Tripadvisor members' 2,419 candid photos and videos of Howrah Bridge  Six rows of longitudinal stringer girders are arranged between cross girders. The roadway on the existing bridge is 48 feet wide except at the shore spans where it is only 43 feet in roadways, each 21 feet 6 inches wide. The bridge was also featured in Garth Davis' Academy Award-nominated 2016 film Lion. Howrah Bridge is a balanced cantilever suspension bridge and has held the fancy of the people ever since its construction. Bally is separated from Uttarpara, Hooghly by Bally Canal (Bally Khal) at its north. Where Is Howrah Bridge Located? The Howrah Bridge is a significant landmark of Kolkata.  Trotz aller kriegsbedingten Störungen wurde die Brücke fertiggestellt und im Februar 1943 – der Zeit entsprechend – ohne besondere Feierlichkeiten in Betrieb genommen. Prize money of £ 3,000 (₹45,000, at the then exchange rate) was declared for the firm whose design would be accepted. The order for construction and erection was placed on M/s.Cleveland Bridge & Engineering Company in 1939. The repairs were completed in early 2006.. The assembling period was fraught with problems. Its official language is Bengali. Thompson, to investigate and report on the advisability of constructing a pier bridge between Calcutta and Howrah. Find how to reach Howrah Bridge from your location.  Some of the 40 cross-girders were also broken. Then in 1926 a commission under the chairmanship of Sir R. N. Mukherjee recommended a suspension bridge of a particular type to be built across the River Hoogly. It was largely a timber construction which opened to let river traffic through. Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Co. 16 hydraulic jacks, each of which had an 800-ton capacity, were pressed into service to join the two halves of the suspended span. Howrah Bridge, Neil Island Picture: The journey - Check out Tripadvisor members' 2,417 candid photos and videos of Howrah Bridge By bus or taxi from Howrah station it will only take 10-15 minutes to get there.  The main tower was constructed with single monolith caissons of dimensions 55.31 x 24.8 m with 21 shafts, each 6.25 metre square. Rendel, Palmer and Tritton were asked to consider the construction of a suspension bridge of a particular design prepared by their chief draftsman Mr. The first vehicle to use the bridge was a solitary tram. howrah bridge is not that difficult to find, once you know where exactly it is located. KoPT announced that it will spend ₹2 million (US$28,000) on covering the base of the steel pillars with fibreglass casing to prevent spit from corroding them. It is the oldest and largest railway complex in India (the original structures of the two older stations, Bombay and Thane, are no longer operational). The two twin cities are linked together by the well-known Howrah Bridge , which is also famous by the name, Rabindra Setu. A Bridge was constructed over Bally Canal in 1846 to join the two localities. The bridge was erected by commencing at the two anchor spans and advancing towards the center, with the use of creeper cranes moving along the upper chord. On 14 June 1965 it was renamed Rabindra Setu after the great Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore, who was the first Indian and Asian Nobel laureate. , The bridge serves as the gateway to Kolkata, connecting it to the Howrah Station, which is one of the five intercity train terminus stations serving Howrah and Kolkata.  As the bridge could not handle the rapidly increasing load, the Port Commissioners started planning in 1905 for a new improved bridge. On October 2008, 6 high-tech surveillance cameras were placed to monitor the entire 705 metres (2,313 ft) long and 30 metres (98 ft) wide structure from the control room. If you are planning to visit Howrah Bridge, find Howrah Bridge timings, entry fees, location and other important facts at Goibibo. In 1906 the Port Commission appointed a committee headed by R.S.  The road is flanked by footpaths 15 feet (4.6 m) wide, which are thronged with pedestrians. Based on their recommendation, M/s. Visiting Time & Duration for Howrah Bridge  Die Bauarbeiten begannen 1936. As such, it carries the near entirety of the traffic to and from the station, taking its average daily traffic close to nearly 150,000 pedestrians and 100,000 vehicles. , On 24 June 2005, a private cargo vessel M V Mani, belonging to the Ganges Water Transport Pvt.  From 19 August 1879, the bridge was illuminated by electric lamp-posts, powered by the dynamo at the Mullick Ghat Pumping Station.  The bridge was then 1528 ft. long and 62 ft. wide, with 7-foot wide pavements on either side. Howrah Bridge is a Balanced Cantilever Bridge over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India.Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the two cities of Howrah and Kolkata (Calcutta). November 2019 um 16:14 Uhr bearbeitet. In 2004, KoPT spent ₹6.5 million (US$91,000) to paint the entirety of 2.2 million square metres (24 million square feet) of the bridge. It is a suspension type balanced cantilever bridge, with a central span 1,500 feet (460 m) between centers of main towers and a suspended span of 564 feet (172 m). The two halves of the suspended span, each 282 feet (86 m) long and weighing 2,000 tons, were built in December 1941. In Längsrichtung hat das Fahrbahndeck (nicht jedoch die horizontalen Untergurte) von der Mitte aus ein leichtes Gefälle (1 : 40) zu den Enden der Brücke.  Charles Alfred O"Grady one of the Engineers, In 1922 the New Howrah Bridge Commission was set up, to which the Mukherjee Committee submitted its report. Last but not the least, I go south and stop at the home state of cricketer Sourav Ganguly. Howrah is located on the western bank of the Hooghly river. 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